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  • Preparation and Properties of CaO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2

    The effect of the CaO/SiO2 ratio in the molten BF slag and heat treatment on the viscosity and microstructure of glass-ceramics produced from BF slag were traced using the melt property tester ...

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  • Fundamentals of aluminium metallurgy: Production ...

    With its distinguished editor and team of expert contributors, Fundamentals of aluminium metallurgy is a standard reference for researchers in metallurgy, as well as all those involved in the ...

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  • Handbook on Rare Earth Metals and Alloys (Properties ...

    At this temperature the slag is very liquid because of the presence of the excess beryllium fluoride and the molten beryllium separates well and floats on the molten slag. As soon as this occurs the molten metal and the slag are poured out together into a cold graphite crucible and solidified. In the process of pouring the molten beryllium ...

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  • Adjunct Members

    2 days agou2002·u2002Adjunct membership is for researchers employed by other institutions who collaborate with IDM Members to the extent that some of their own staff and/or postgraduate students may work within the IDM; for 3-year terms, which are renewable.

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  • Institute Of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine

    2 days agou2002·u2002For information on South Africa's response to COVID-19 please visit the COVID-19 Corona Virus South African Resource Portal.

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  • (PDF) Materials for engineering

    'Outstanding academic title for 2003 – this title has been selected for its excellence in scholarship and presentation, the significance of its contribution to the field, and because of its important treatment of its subject.' Choice magazine

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  • Sci-Hub

    Sci-Hub,mg.scihub.ltd,sci-hub.tw,The project is supported by user donations. Imagine the world with free access to knowledge for everyone ‐ a world without any paywalls.

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  • De Oxidation

    2020-12-3u2002·u2002diffusion of oxygen from the steel melt to the slag. in the steelmaking furnace, the method is called. Diffusion deoxidation. • This can also be done outside the furnace under. vacuum according to the reaction: 2 [O] → O2 (g) • But the method can be used effectively to a limited. extent.

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  • Intelligent Optimization and Control of Complex ...

    This book discusses the intelligent optimization and control of complex metallurgical processes, including intelligent optimization and control of raw-material proportioning processes, coking process, and reheating furnaces; intelligent control of thermal state parameters in sintering processes; and intelligent decoupling control of gas collection and mixing-and-pressurization processes.

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  • Refining Slag - Graphite Electrode

    Refining Slag. Refining slag refers to the technology used after mixing raw materials in a certain proportion and particle size, heating them below the melting point of the raw materials, sintering the raw materials together, and then crushing them into particle sizes. The main components are CaO-CaF2 base, CaO-Al2O3 base, and CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 base.

    Get Price
  • Future trend of terminal energy conservation in ...

    2021-11-8u2002·u2002In steelmaking process, molten slag like BOF (Basic Oxygen Furnace) slag or EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) slag was discharged after steel tapping, and then poured into some kinds of apparatus for slag granulation and heat recovery as shown in Fig. 1.Presently, the available physical methods for molten slag heat recovery include mechanical crushing methods as seen in Fig. 1(a,b), air blast …

    Get Price
  • Maximum availability and mineralogical control of

    AOD (argon oxygen decarburization) slag is the by-product in the stainless steel refining process. Chromium existing in AOD slag can leach out and probably poses a serious threat to the environment. To assess the leaching toxicity of chromium released from AOD slag, the temperature-dependent maximum …

    Get Price
  • EP2213753A1 - Method of production of a slag-forming ...

    The subject matter of the invention is a method of producing a slag-forming compound for secondary steel refining in a ladle or a ladle furnace. According to the invention, the method of producing a steel-forming compound for secondary steel refining in a ladle or a ladle furnace is as follows: the fragmented slag obtained in the reduction process of steelmaking converter slag with the ...

    Get Price
  • UDC 669 . 054 . 82 - Nippon Steel Corporation

    2013-9-4u2002·u2002the molten steel ladle, and slag formed during the secondary refining treatment (this slag is sometimes called 'secondary refining slag' or 'ladle slag'). As shown in Fig. 1, nearly 80% of blast furnace slag is granulat-ed slag produced by rapidly cooling hot molten slag (initially at a

    Get Price
  • SECONDARY STEEL REFINING - e Plant Maintenance

    2020-9-17u2002·u2002SECONDARY STEEL REFINING. Steelmaking is the process of producing steel from iron ore and/or scrap. In steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon (most important impurity) are removed . Alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium, carbon and vanadium are added to produce different grades of ...

    Get Price
  • China Premelting Refining Slag Fused Type Calcium ...

    The refining slag series include pre-melted refining slag, sintered refining slag and synthetic refining slag, its main content is CaO and Al 2 O 3. Premelted refining slag is a necessary additive to form basic refining slag used in secondary metallurgy to desulphurise and refine steel.

    Get Price
  • Efficiency of Inclusion Absorption by Slags during ...

    Global steel production has seen continued growth. Despite the 2009 financial crisis, the steelmaking sector has returned to the high growth rates recorded in the first decade of the 21st century, with demand growing in terms of both quantity and quality. 1) As a result, the search for alternatives that ensure less impurities, greater cleanliness, improved process control and better surface ...

    Get Price
  • US4444378A - Apparatus for separating slag from a

    US4444378A US06/407,035 US40703582A US4444378A US 4444378 A US4444378 A US 4444378A US 40703582 A US40703582 A US 40703582A US 4444378 A US4444378 A US 4444378A Authority US United States Prior art keywords trough molten metal slag receiver inductor Prior art date 1982-08-11 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.

    Get Price
  • GAS-SLAG-lVIETAL EQUILIDRlA WITHOUT CARBON-

    2021-3-26u2002·u2002Table 4.8. Slag composition from gas-slag-metal equilibrium at 1500'Cunder CO atmosphere inCr-oxide crucible by mass 141 Table 4.9. Slag composition from gas-slag-metal equilibrium at 1500'C at 0.05 atm ofPco in Cr-oxide crucible bymass .142 Table 4.10.Slag composition from l;•.s-slag-metal equilibrium at 1580'Cat 0.034 ...

    Get Price
  • Refining Slag - Graphite Electrode

    Refining Slag. Refining slag refers to the technology used after mixing raw materials in a certain proportion and particle size, heating them below the melting point of the raw materials, sintering the raw materials together, and then crushing them into particle sizes. The main components are CaO-CaF2 base, CaO-Al2O3 base, and CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 base.

    Get Price
  • Future trend of terminal energy conservation in ...

    2021-11-8u2002·u2002In steelmaking process, molten slag like BOF (Basic Oxygen Furnace) slag or EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) slag was discharged after steel tapping, and then poured into some kinds of apparatus for slag granulation and heat recovery as shown in Fig. 1.Presently, the available physical methods for molten slag heat recovery include mechanical crushing methods as seen in Fig. 1(a,b), air blast …

    Get Price
  • Maximum availability and mineralogical control of

    AOD (argon oxygen decarburization) slag is the by-product in the stainless steel refining process. Chromium existing in AOD slag can leach out and probably poses a serious threat to the environment. To assess the leaching toxicity of chromium released from AOD slag, the temperature-dependent maximum …

    Get Price
  • EP2213753A1 - Method of production of a slag-forming ...

    The subject matter of the invention is a method of producing a slag-forming compound for secondary steel refining in a ladle or a ladle furnace. According to the invention, the method of producing a steel-forming compound for secondary steel refining in a ladle or a ladle furnace is as follows: the fragmented slag obtained in the reduction process of steelmaking converter slag with the ...

    Get Price
  • UDC 669 . 054 . 82 - Nippon Steel Corporation

    2013-9-4u2002·u2002the molten steel ladle, and slag formed during the secondary refining treatment (this slag is sometimes called 'secondary refining slag' or 'ladle slag'). As shown in Fig. 1, nearly 80% of blast furnace slag is granulat-ed slag produced by rapidly cooling hot molten slag (initially at a

    Get Price
  • SECONDARY STEEL REFINING - e Plant Maintenance

    2020-9-17u2002·u2002SECONDARY STEEL REFINING. Steelmaking is the process of producing steel from iron ore and/or scrap. In steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon (most important impurity) are removed . Alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium, carbon and vanadium are added to produce different grades of ...

    Get Price
  • China Premelting Refining Slag Fused Type Calcium ...

    The refining slag series include pre-melted refining slag, sintered refining slag and synthetic refining slag, its main content is CaO and Al 2 O 3. Premelted refining slag is a necessary additive to form basic refining slag used in secondary metallurgy to desulphurise and refine steel.

    Get Price
  • Efficiency of Inclusion Absorption by Slags during ...

    Global steel production has seen continued growth. Despite the 2009 financial crisis, the steelmaking sector has returned to the high growth rates recorded in the first decade of the 21st century, with demand growing in terms of both quantity and quality. 1) As a result, the search for alternatives that ensure less impurities, greater cleanliness, improved process control and better surface ...

    Get Price
  • US4444378A - Apparatus for separating slag from a

    US4444378A US06/407,035 US40703582A US4444378A US 4444378 A US4444378 A US 4444378A US 40703582 A US40703582 A US 40703582A US 4444378 A US4444378 A US 4444378A Authority US United States Prior art keywords trough molten metal slag receiver inductor Prior art date 1982-08-11 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.

    Get Price
  • GAS-SLAG-lVIETAL EQUILIDRlA WITHOUT CARBON-

    2021-3-26u2002·u2002Table 4.8. Slag composition from gas-slag-metal equilibrium at 1500'Cunder CO atmosphere inCr-oxide crucible by mass 141 Table 4.9. Slag composition from gas-slag-metal equilibrium at 1500'C at 0.05 atm ofPco in Cr-oxide crucible bymass .142 Table 4.10.Slag composition from l;•.s-slag-metal equilibrium at 1580'Cat 0.034 ...

    Get Price
  • Refining Slag - Graphite Electrode

    Refining Slag. Refining slag refers to the technology used after mixing raw materials in a certain proportion and particle size, heating them below the melting point of the raw materials, sintering the raw materials together, and then crushing them into particle sizes. The main components are CaO-CaF2 base, CaO-Al2O3 base, and CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 base.

    Get Price
  • Future trend of terminal energy conservation in ...

    2021-11-8u2002·u2002In steelmaking process, molten slag like BOF (Basic Oxygen Furnace) slag or EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) slag was discharged after steel tapping, and then poured into some kinds of apparatus for slag granulation and heat recovery as shown in Fig. 1.Presently, the available physical methods for molten slag heat recovery include mechanical crushing methods as seen in Fig. 1(a,b), air blast …

    Get Price
  • Maximum availability and mineralogical control of

    AOD (argon oxygen decarburization) slag is the by-product in the stainless steel refining process. Chromium existing in AOD slag can leach out and probably poses a serious threat to the environment. To assess the leaching toxicity of chromium released from AOD slag, the temperature-dependent maximum …

    Get Price
  • EP2213753A1 - Method of production of a slag-forming ...

    The subject matter of the invention is a method of producing a slag-forming compound for secondary steel refining in a ladle or a ladle furnace. According to the invention, the method of producing a steel-forming compound for secondary steel refining in a ladle or a ladle furnace is as follows: the fragmented slag obtained in the reduction process of steelmaking converter slag with the ...

    Get Price
  • UDC 669 . 054 . 82 - Nippon Steel Corporation

    2013-9-4u2002·u2002the molten steel ladle, and slag formed during the secondary refining treatment (this slag is sometimes called 'secondary refining slag' or 'ladle slag'). As shown in Fig. 1, nearly 80% of blast furnace slag is granulat-ed slag produced by rapidly cooling hot molten slag (initially at a

    Get Price
  • SECONDARY STEEL REFINING - e Plant Maintenance

    2020-9-17u2002·u2002SECONDARY STEEL REFINING. Steelmaking is the process of producing steel from iron ore and/or scrap. In steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon (most important impurity) are removed . Alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium, carbon and vanadium are added to produce different grades of ...

    Get Price
  • China Premelting Refining Slag Fused Type Calcium ...

    The refining slag series include pre-melted refining slag, sintered refining slag and synthetic refining slag, its main content is CaO and Al 2 O 3. Premelted refining slag is a necessary additive to form basic refining slag used in secondary metallurgy to desulphurise and refine steel.

    Get Price
  • Efficiency of Inclusion Absorption by Slags during ...

    Global steel production has seen continued growth. Despite the 2009 financial crisis, the steelmaking sector has returned to the high growth rates recorded in the first decade of the 21st century, with demand growing in terms of both quantity and quality. 1) As a result, the search for alternatives that ensure less impurities, greater cleanliness, improved process control and better surface ...

    Get Price
  • US4444378A - Apparatus for separating slag from a

    US4444378A US06/407,035 US40703582A US4444378A US 4444378 A US4444378 A US 4444378A US 40703582 A US40703582 A US 40703582A US 4444378 A US4444378 A US 4444378A Authority US United States Prior art keywords trough molten metal slag receiver inductor Prior art date 1982-08-11 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.

    Get Price
  • GAS-SLAG-lVIETAL EQUILIDRlA WITHOUT CARBON-

    2021-3-26u2002·u2002Table 4.8. Slag composition from gas-slag-metal equilibrium at 1500'Cunder CO atmosphere inCr-oxide crucible by mass 141 Table 4.9. Slag composition from gas-slag-metal equilibrium at 1500'C at 0.05 atm ofPco in Cr-oxide crucible bymass .142 Table 4.10.Slag composition from l;•.s-slag-metal equilibrium at 1580'Cat 0.034 ...

    Get Price
  • Refining Slag - Graphite Electrode

    Refining Slag. Refining slag refers to the technology used after mixing raw materials in a certain proportion and particle size, heating them below the melting point of the raw materials, sintering the raw materials together, and then crushing them into particle sizes. The main components are CaO-CaF2 base, CaO-Al2O3 base, and CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 base.

    Get Price
  • Future trend of terminal energy conservation in ...

    2021-11-8u2002·u2002In steelmaking process, molten slag like BOF (Basic Oxygen Furnace) slag or EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) slag was discharged after steel tapping, and then poured into some kinds of apparatus for slag granulation and heat recovery as shown in Fig. 1.Presently, the available physical methods for molten slag heat recovery include mechanical crushing methods as seen in Fig. 1(a,b), air blast …

    Get Price
  • Maximum availability and mineralogical control of

    AOD (argon oxygen decarburization) slag is the by-product in the stainless steel refining process. Chromium existing in AOD slag can leach out and probably poses a serious threat to the environment. To assess the leaching toxicity of chromium released from AOD slag, the temperature-dependent maximum …

    Get Price
  • EP2213753A1 - Method of production of a slag-forming ...

    The subject matter of the invention is a method of producing a slag-forming compound for secondary steel refining in a ladle or a ladle furnace. According to the invention, the method of producing a steel-forming compound for secondary steel refining in a ladle or a ladle furnace is as follows: the fragmented slag obtained in the reduction process of steelmaking converter slag with the ...

    Get Price
  • UDC 669 . 054 . 82 - Nippon Steel Corporation

    2013-9-4u2002·u2002the molten steel ladle, and slag formed during the secondary refining treatment (this slag is sometimes called 'secondary refining slag' or 'ladle slag'). As shown in Fig. 1, nearly 80% of blast furnace slag is granulat-ed slag produced by rapidly cooling hot molten slag (initially at a

    Get Price
  • SECONDARY STEEL REFINING - e Plant Maintenance

    2020-9-17u2002·u2002SECONDARY STEEL REFINING. Steelmaking is the process of producing steel from iron ore and/or scrap. In steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon (most important impurity) are removed . Alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium, carbon and vanadium are added to produce different grades of ...

    Get Price
  • China Premelting Refining Slag Fused Type Calcium ...

    The refining slag series include pre-melted refining slag, sintered refining slag and synthetic refining slag, its main content is CaO and Al 2 O 3. Premelted refining slag is a necessary additive to form basic refining slag used in secondary metallurgy to desulphurise and refine steel.

    Get Price
  • Efficiency of Inclusion Absorption by Slags during ...

    Global steel production has seen continued growth. Despite the 2009 financial crisis, the steelmaking sector has returned to the high growth rates recorded in the first decade of the 21st century, with demand growing in terms of both quantity and quality. 1) As a result, the search for alternatives that ensure less impurities, greater cleanliness, improved process control and better surface ...

    Get Price
  • US4444378A - Apparatus for separating slag from a

    US4444378A US06/407,035 US40703582A US4444378A US 4444378 A US4444378 A US 4444378A US 40703582 A US40703582 A US 40703582A US 4444378 A US4444378 A US 4444378A Authority US United States Prior art keywords trough molten metal slag receiver inductor Prior art date 1982-08-11 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.

    Get Price
  • GAS-SLAG-lVIETAL EQUILIDRlA WITHOUT CARBON-

    2021-3-26u2002·u2002Table 4.8. Slag composition from gas-slag-metal equilibrium at 1500'Cunder CO atmosphere inCr-oxide crucible by mass 141 Table 4.9. Slag composition from gas-slag-metal equilibrium at 1500'C at 0.05 atm ofPco in Cr-oxide crucible bymass .142 Table 4.10.Slag composition from l;•.s-slag-metal equilibrium at 1580'Cat 0.034 ...

    Get Price
  • Refining Slag - Graphite Electrode

    Refining Slag. Refining slag refers to the technology used after mixing raw materials in a certain proportion and particle size, heating them below the melting point of the raw materials, sintering the raw materials together, and then crushing them into particle sizes. The main components are CaO-CaF2 base, CaO-Al2O3 base, and CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 base.

    Get Price
  • Future trend of terminal energy conservation in ...

    2021-11-8u2002·u2002In steelmaking process, molten slag like BOF (Basic Oxygen Furnace) slag or EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) slag was discharged after steel tapping, and then poured into some kinds of apparatus for slag granulation and heat recovery as shown in Fig. 1.Presently, the available physical methods for molten slag heat recovery include mechanical crushing methods as seen in Fig. …

    Get Price
  • Maximum availability and mineralogical control of chromium ...

    AOD (argon oxygen decarburization) slag is the by-product in the stainless steel refining process. Chromium existing in AOD slag can leach out and probably poses a serious threat to the environment. To assess the leaching toxicity of chromium released from AOD slag, the temperature-dependent maximum …

    Get Price
  • EP2213753A1 - Method of production of a slag-forming ...

    The subject matter of the invention is a method of producing a slag-forming compound for secondary steel refining in a ladle or a ladle furnace. According to the invention, the method of producing a steel-forming compound for secondary steel refining in a ladle or a ladle furnace is as follows: the fragmented slag obtained in the reduction process of steelmaking converter slag …

    Get Price
  • UDC 669 . 054 . 82 - Nippon Steel Corporation

    2013-9-4u2002·u2002the molten steel ladle, and slag formed during the secondary refining treatment (this slag is sometimes called 'secondary refining slag' or 'ladle slag'). As shown in Fig. 1, nearly 80% of blast furnace slag is granulat-ed slag produced by rapidly cooling hot molten slag (initially at a

    Get Price
  • SECONDARY STEEL REFINING - e Plant Maintenance

    2020-9-17u2002·u2002SECONDARY STEEL REFINING. Steelmaking is the process of producing steel from iron ore and/or scrap. In steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon (most important impurity) are removed . Alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium, carbon and vanadium are added to produce different grades of ...

    Get Price
  • China Premelting Refining Slag Fused Type Calcium ...

    The refining slag series include pre-melted refining slag, sintered refining slag and synthetic refining slag, its main content is CaO and Al 2 O 3. Premelted refining slag is a necessary additive to form basic refining slag used in secondary metallurgy to desulphurise and refine steel.

    Get Price
  • Efficiency of Inclusion Absorption by Slags during ...

    Global steel production has seen continued growth. Despite the 2009 financial crisis, the steelmaking sector has returned to the high growth rates recorded in the first decade of the 21st century, with demand growing in terms of both quantity and quality. 1) As a result, the search for alternatives that ensure less impurities, greater cleanliness, improved process control and better …

    Get Price
  • US4444378A - Apparatus for separating slag from a molten ...

    US4444378A US06/407,035 US40703582A US4444378A US 4444378 A US4444378 A US 4444378A US 40703582 A US40703582 A US 40703582A US 4444378 A US4444378 A US 4444378A Authority US United States Prior art keywords trough molten metal slag receiver inductor Prior art date 1982-08-11 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a …

    Get Price
  • GAS-SLAG-lVIETAL EQUILIDRlA WITHOUT CARBON-

    2021-3-26u2002·u2002Table 4.8. Slag composition from gas-slag-metal equilibrium at 1500'Cunder CO atmosphere inCr-oxide crucible by mass 141 Table 4.9. Slag composition from gas-slag-metal equilibrium at 1500'C at 0.05 atm ofPco in Cr-oxide crucible bymass .142 Table 4.10.Slag composition from l;•.s-slag-metal equilibrium at 1580'Cat 0.034 ...

    Get Price